Reception and Identification Centers (RIC)
Third-country and stateless individuals who enter the country illegally are placed in Reception and Identification Centers (R.I.C.) where they temporarily reside until they undergo procedures of reception and identification and to submit application for international protection (asylum).
Third-country and stateless individuals who live in R.I.C. are in a regime of restriction of their freedom within the Centers for a maximum period of twenty-five (25) days.
In R.I.C. there are conditions in place to ensure that residents are protected physically, legally and emotionally.
There are five (5) Units in each R.I.C.:
- Administrative Office
- Verification of Nationality and Identification Office
- Medical and Psychosocial Support Office
- Information and Communication Office
- External Security and Safety Office
When the procedures of reception and identification are complete, third-country entrants are transported from R.I.C. to Facilities in the mainland. Afterwards, they are referred to Regional Asylum Offices-if they have expressed interest to submit an application for international protection, or their deportation/return is initiated.
The first Reception and Identification Center was founded in Fylakio Evros in March 2013.
(Government Gazette 2219 / issue B '/ 10-06-2019)
(General Regulations for the Operation of Reception and Identification Centers and Mobile Reception and Identification Units.)
The subject of this General Regulation is the regulation of the internal structure and operation of the Reception and Identification Centers and the Mobile Reception and Identification Units. In particular, the reception and identification procedures, the rights and obligations of third-country nationals and stateless persons subject to these procedures, as well as the general rules of temporary residence at the facilities of the Reception and Identification Centers are described in detail.
(Government Gazette 51 / issue A '/ 03-04-2016)
Organization and operation of the Asylum Service, Appeals Authority, Reception and Identification Service, establishment of the General Secretariat for Reception, adaptation of the Greek Legislation to the provisions of Directive 2013/32 / EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on international protection regime (reprint) ”(L 180 / 29.6.2013), provisions for the employment of beneficiaries of international protection and other provisions.
- By joint decision of the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Interior and Administrative Reconstruction, Reception and Identification Centers are established in border areas of Greece in which this is deemed necessary, taking into account the number of entrants without legal formalities. In the Reception and Identification Centers, there may be a Regional Asylum Office or an Independent unit or a Mobile division of the Asylum Service.
- By joint decision of the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Interior and Administrative Reconstruction, Reception and Identification Centers are established in areas of the hinterland, for the needs of the reception and identification procedures.
- By decision of the Director of the Service, Mobile Reception and Identification Units may be established in places of the State, where it is deemed necessary to provide reception and identification services, especially in case of entry of a large number of persons without legal formalities, whose referral to the Center it is not immediately feasible or appropriate.
Reinforcement of human resources in the First Reception Centers
(100% funded by the Emergency Assistance Fund of the Internal Security Fund, EMAS ISF)
Title: “Reinforcement of human resources in First Reception Centers ", as the beneficiary, through the signed Grant Agreement with the European Commission.
The Project was funded by the Emergency Assistance Fund of the Internal Security Fund - Borders 100% and its duration was eleven (11) months with a start date of April 1, 2016, while it was completed on February 28, 2017, according to the amendment that took place in terms of the time horizon of the eligibility period.
The Program aimed at covering the staffing costs of the First Reception Centers located in the Greek territory in order to strengthen the reception capacity of the country for the effective management of the PCs. entering it illegally.
In general, the Program proved necessary for the First Reception Centers to become fully operational, significantly increasing the number of specialized personnel related to the Reception and Asylum procedures and which also participated in other important processes taking place within the Reception Centers.
Summing up, regarding the impact on the target group, the implementation of the Program ensured the existence of a protected and safe environment in the context of providing reception services to the residents of the First Reception Centers.